What are migraine headaches?
Migraines are one of a kind of painful, throbbing headaches that last from 4 to 72 hours. It is a severe, painful headache that can be preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs such as
flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light and sound These are short term ailments that don’t cause long-term damage but when a patient experiences migraine, the pain associated with it do not allows the patient to perform normal activities.
What causes migraines?
Migraines run in families, but it isn’t clear why some people get migraines and others don’t. But studies have revealed that migraine needs a trigger to start. These triggers differ individually form person to person. Some common triggers include:
- Exposure to sunshine for prolonged period
- Not eating, Indigestion, Intake of Oily and spicy food
- Suppression of natural urges
- Poor sleep habits.
- Strong odors.
- A change from your normal routine.
- Red wine, Monosodium glutamate (MSG), Chocolate.
What are the symptoms?
- Throbbing headache pertaining to one side of head
- Patient feels sick and nauseated.
- Aural and Visual repercussions
- Tingling or numbness in hands, arms, or face.
- Irritation from any activity, light, noise, or odors.
- Pain behind one of your eyes with variable intensities
- Shifting pains from one side of your head to the other.
- In some cases pain occur in both sides at the same
- Cases of Problems in speaking
- Short-term weakness on one side of your body
What Increases Your Risk
You may be more likely to get migraines if you:
- Have a family history of migraines.
- Are female. Women are 3 times more likely than men to get migraines.
- Are a teenager or young adult. Migraines often begin during these years.
- Have depression, anxiety, asthma, or epilepsy.
Ayurvedic Perspective of Migraine:
Migraine is a very common disorder characterized by repeated attacks of headache usually unilateral with different intensity. It can involve brain, eye and autonomous nervous system. In Ayurveda this condition is referred as Sooryavarta. Soorya means ‘Sun’ and avarta means ‘affliction’ or ‘blockage’. The headache gets worsened on sunrise, peaks during noon hours and reduces after evening. Even though this is the typical feature of this illness, it may not be true in all cases. Symptoms may vary based on body types and habits.
Migraine results from blood vessel diameter enlargement and the release of chemicals from nerve fibers. According to Ayurvedic principles, migraine is a Tridoshaja disorder, out of the three doshas, Vata and Pitta dosha are the prominent factors. The traditional science of Ayurveda considers migraine to be caused by deep-rooted problems, including a sensitive nervous system and impaired digestion. The Migraine occurs due to disturbed pitt (Fire element) resulting in imbalance of vata (air element imbalance) in the brain. This imbalance arises due to improper digestion, impaired metabolism, mental and physical stress, sleeplessness, etc. Our body has a regulated system of Vata in brain that maintains the diameter of the blood vessels. These blood vessels maintain the microcirculations in brain. In the event of disturbance in the Vata level, the blood vessels get dilated causing excessive blow of blood in the brain resulting in the migraine attack.
Migraine Management in Ayurveda
Ayurveda believes in cleaning the body from within and eradicating the disease from its roots. Ayurvedic treatment of migraine therefore is centered on the pacification of Pitta Dosha, and restoration of digestive function in the body which rectifies the Vata Dosha. We also suggest utilization of herbs which are shroto shodhak, Medya and Sangya sthapan medicines to control migraine Along with herbal therapy we considers following as key factors to control migraine:
- Balancing the nervous system activity
- Use of diet to prevent Tridosh imbalance
- Stress management
- Exercise & yoga, pranayam.
What to do in a migraine attack:
Stop what you doing, and take the medicine as are prescribed by our doctors. Don’t wait for the migraine to get worse. Following the provided guideline is mandatory in our Migraine management Therapy. Rest in a quiet dark room. Close your eyes, and try to relax or go to sleep. Don’t watch TV or read. Put a cold pack or cool cloth on the painful area.
Stress Management as a part of our therapy:
How you think can affect how you feel. So finding ways to relax and change your negative or worrisome thoughts may help prevent headaches. We here at ND Care Nirogam, motivate and train our patient to manage their stress levels. These may include
- Positive thinking techniques.
- Progressive muscle relaxation.
- Ways to manage your time.
- Pranayam and Breathing exercises.
- Meditation and Yoga.